Rotterdam refinery

The Rotterdam refinery is one of the most modern and environmentally friendly of its kind. Since being put into operation in 1960, the plant has undergone several renovations. The sizeable capital investments through the years have made the refinery ultra-efficient.

The refinery processes different grades of crude oil varying from light low-sulphur to heavy high-sulphur oil. The crude oil is supplied by ship and stored at the tank farms on the Maasvlakte and in Europoort. It is transported from the tank farms to the refinery via pipelines where it is processed into a range of products, such as LPG, kerosene and diesel. Thanks to the Flexicoker unit, the refinery has not produced any heavy fuel oil since the 1980s.

Hydrocracker expansion

In 2016, the expansion of the hydrocracker was started. The project involved an investment of over a billion dollars. From now on, the new installation will enable the refinery to produce high-quality base oils for a new generation of lubricants.

Energy efficient

The refinery has its own cogeneration unit (Cogen), which utilises low-calorie gas from the Flexicoker to produce electricity and steam. As a result, emissions of SOx and NOx, dust and aromatics are significantly lower than they are at other refineries. The Cogen provides most of the energy needs of the refinery complex. The new hydrocracker has increased the refinery's energy efficiency by five per cent.

Greater efficiency through integration

The refinery is almost completely integrated with the neighbouring aromatics plant. The refinery supplies the basic raw materials to the aromatics plant, which, in turn, sends by-products back to the refinery for further processing. Since 2011, the refinery has also been integrated with Air Products' ultra-modern hydrogen plant, which is situated on the same site. The hydrogen plant uses residual heat and gases from the refinery. The refinery uses the hydrogen to desulphurise oil and to be able to produce cleaner fuels. The hydrogen plant also supplies steam to the refinery. The integration of different plants has helped optimise energy efficiency and reduced CO2 emissions.

Esso Nederland B.V.
Rotterdam Refinery
Botlekweg 121
3197 KA Rotterdam-Botlek
Havennummer 4060
The Netherlands

Tel.: +31 (10) - 493 5911

VAT number: NL.0010.27.311.B01
Company reg. no.: 27004771
Registered office: Rotterdam


LPG, naphtha, kerosene, diesel fuel, sulphur, petroleum cokes, various raw materials for the chemicals industry

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